Constitution and Bylaws

Sojourners United Church of Christ is defined and guided by a Constitution and a set of Bylaws. You can read them below or download a copy using the links to the right.

Constitution

CONSTITUTION

(Adopted on August 21,1994; Constitution amended on September 15, 1996; amended on November 18, 2007; Bylaws amended on June 23, 1996;
amended on September 16, 2007; amended on January 27, 2008; Constitution and Bylaws

amended on August 7, 2022) ARTICLE I – NAME

The name of this Church shall be Sojourners United Church of Christ, located in Charlottesville, Virginia.

ARTICLE II – PURPOSE

The purpose of this Church shall be to worship God, preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ and celebrate the Sacraments, and to realize Christian fellowship and unity within its congregation and the larger community. In keeping with Christ’s teaching, this Church will strive to promote righteousness, justice and peace.

Mission Statement

We are a self-governing congregation of seekers guided by the Scriptures and the Statement of Faith of the United Church of Christ. Together we strive to understand the workings of God’s spirit within us. We recognize that this understanding may be different for each individual. Yet, as many visions of God are joined together, our collective understanding can be stronger; our insight can be keener.

As witnesses to the Gospel of Jesus Christ, we strive for truth, justice, and peace in our community and nation, and in the world. To carry out this mission, we seek to grow in grace through worship, education, witnessing, service and stewardship.

Historically, not all seekers have been welcomed and valued equally by the Christian community. We embrace those who have already been welcomed into the Christian church. We also reach out to those who are not involved in a Christian community. We welcome and affirm those who

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have been wounded or accepted only conditionally in the past because of their race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or their physical, mental, spiritual or economic conditions.

We work together to move beyond mere tolerance to a celebration of our diversity. We see this as an opportunity for better understanding God’s unlimited love and following the example of Jesus Christ. To list human differences is to risk excluding someone. ALL ARE WELCOME. All are encouraged to participate in the full fellowship of the church. With God’s help, we will create a church family that affirms the priesthood of all believers, and in which all members use their gifts to minister to others.

ARTICLE III – GOVERNANCE

1. This Church shall be a part of the United Church of Christ, and it shall sustain that relationship as described in those portions of the Constitution and Bylaws of the United Church of Christ relating to local churches. This Church shall hold standing in the Shenandoah Association, and shall be a member of the Central Atlantic Conference of the United Church of Christ and through it of any organizations to which it belongs.

2. The governance of this Church is vested in its members, hereinafter called “the congregation,” who in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and its Bylaws exercise the right of control in all its affairs. It is subject to the control of no other ecclesiastical body, but it accepts the obligations of mutual counsel, cooperation and fellowship with other churches of the United Church of Christ.

3. In keeping with our stated mission to reach out to those who have felt unheard and undervalued by other churches, we will strive for consensus in all our decisions, encouraging the expression of personal truth and diversity, and hearing and affirming each voice.

ARTICLE IV – FAITH AND COVENANT

This Church holds that Christian faith springs from the authority of One God manifested in the life of Jesus Christ. We celebrate two sacraments: Baptism and Holy

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Communion. We grant to each member the right to their individual interpretation of the principles of the Christian faith, and respect each person’s honest convictions. Consequently, the following Statement of Faith of the United Church of Christ is set forth not as a test for membership in this Church but as a testimony of the belief generally accepted by the United Church of Christ.

United Church of Christ Statement of Faith (in the form of a Doxology)

We believe in you, O God, Eternal Spirit, God of our Savior Jesus Christ and our God, and to your deeds we testify:

You call the world into being,
create persons in your own image,
and set before each one the ways of life and death.

You seek in holy love to save all people from aimlessness and sin.

You judge people and nations by your righteous will declared through prophets and apostles.

In Christ, the man of Nazareth, our crucified and risen Savior, you have come to us

and shared our common lot, conquering sin and death
and reconciling the world to yourself.

You bestow upon us your Holy Spirit,
creating and renewing the church of Jesus Christ,
binding in covenant faithful people of all ages, tongues and races.

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You call us into your church
to accept the cost and joy of discipleship,
to be your servants in the service of others,
to proclaim the gospel to all the world
and resist the power of evil,
to share in Christ’s baptism and eat at his table, to join him in his passion and victory.

You promise to all who trust you
forgiveness of sins and fullness of grace, courage in the struggle for justice and peace, your presence in trial and rejoicing,
and eternal life in the realm which has no end.

Blessing and honor, glory and power be unto you. Amen.

This Church is an association of persons united in the acceptance of a mutual covenant, which is as follows:

“We are a community of faith called and empowered by the Holy Spirit to walk in the way of Jesus, by embracing all persons in all walks and ways of life in our worship and celebration, nurture and growth, love and service.”

We welcome all persons to participate in the life of the Church. Those persons who are not members we consider to be “Friends of the Church”, as defined in the Bylaws, Section 1.b.

ARTICLE V – MEMBERSHIP

1. Joining the Church. Membership in this Church shall be open to any person who has been baptized and affirms our Covenant, or who presents a letter of transfer.

2. Membership. Membership begins when the applicant is received by the Congregation. Members shall have a voice and vote in the government of the congregation, as provided in the Bylaws, and shall be eligible to hold and perform the duties of office in this congregation and in the larger United Church of Christ.

3. Transfer. Any member may transfer to another church, as provided in the Bylaws.

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4. Leaving the Church. Upon a member’s request, that member’s name will be removed from the membership roll.

ARTICLE VI – OFFICERS

The officers of this Church shall be a Moderator/Co-Moderators, a Secretary, a Treasurer, Trustees as required by the Commonwealth of Virginia, Delegates to the Association and Conference, and such other officers as the congregation may deem necessary. The persons holding these positions must be church members. The duties of the officers, their method of election, and their terms of office shall be as specified in the Bylaws.

ARTICLE VII – CHURCH ORGANIZATION

The responsibility of administering the government of this Church and carrying out its programs shall be vested in the Church Council. The Church Council shall create the following ministries: Worship, Pastoral Relations, Membership and Parish Care, Faith Formation, Justice and Advocacy, Service and Missions, Stewardship and Finance, Personnel, Property, Pastor Search Committee (when needed) and such others as may be needed from time to time.

Only church members shall be eligible for election to the Church Council. The method of their elections, terms of office, and responsibilities shall be as specified in the Bylaws.

ARTICLE VIII – CHURCH PROPERTY

Acting through its Trustees, as provided in the Bylaws, and in accordance with Title 57 of the Code of Virginia, the Church may hold, buy, sell, transfer and manage real and personal property. Upon dissolution of the Church or upon its reaffiliation with a denomination other than the United Church of Christ, its assets and all real and personal property and interests of which it shall then be possessed, including any devise, bequest, gift or grant contained in any will or other instrument, in trust or otherwise, made before dissolution or reaffiliation, shall be transferred to the Central Atlantic Conference of the United Church of Christ or its legal successor.

ARTICLE IX – MEETINGS

1. Stated Meetings. There shall be at least two congregational meetings each year. The Annual Meeting of the congregation shall be for the presentation of annual reports by the officers of the Church and ministries, the adoption of annual budgets, the election of

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officers, trustees and others in accordance with Section 2 a. of the Bylaws, and the transaction of such other business as may be brought before the congregation. The one additional stated meeting shall be for the purpose of information, self-assessment and fellowship.

2. Other meetings. Special meetings of the congregation may be called in accordance with the Bylaws.

3. Quorum. A quorum of the membership, as specified in the Bylaws, shall be required to transact business at regular and special meetings of the congregation.

ARTICLE X – AMENDMENTS

This Constitution may be amended by the consensus of the members of the congregation at any stated or special meeting of the congregation, provided that the proposed amendment shall have been stated in the required notice of the meeting as provided by the Bylaws. There must be a minimum of two readings of the proposed amendment at consecutive congregational meetings to allow time for reflection on such changes. If consensus cannot be achieved through the efforts of three consecutive congregational meetings, at the end of the third meeting, a proposed amendment to the Constitution shall be put to a vote. At that time, it shall be deemed to be adopted if it gains the support of a two-thirds majority.

Bylaws

Bylaws

(Adopted on August 21, 1994; amended on June 23, 1996;
amended on September 16, 2007; amended on January 27, 2008; amended on October 25, 2015; amended on August 7, 2022)

SECTION 1. MEMBERSHIP

a. Members

i. Joining the Church; Categories of Membership. The congregation shall receive members during scheduled worship services as agreed to by the prospective members and the Pastor, with the approval of the Church Council. The Council may make other arrangements for the admission of new members under special circumstances.

Membership in the church shall be either active or inactive. Only active members will be counted for purposes of determining a quorum. All members are considered to be active unless officially designated as inactive.

It shall be the responsibility of the Pastor and the Membership and Parish Care Ministry to encourage the active participation of all members and to be in touch on an ongoing basis with those who have ceased being active.

Each year the Pastor and the chair of the Membership and Parish Care Ministry will make a list of members who have not participated in any aspect of the life of the church for at least one year. At a Church Council meeting prior to the annual congregational meeting this list shall be presented with a recommendation that these people be designated as inactive members. The change in status from active to inactive shall be effective upon approval by the Church Council.

An active member may also request to be considered inactive. This change in status shall be effective upon the receipt of such a request in writing.

At any time during the year an inactive member shall be immediately restored to active status if they resume participation in the life of the church.

ii. Transfer. If a member of the congregation requests transfer of membership to another church, the Church Administrator, after informing the Pastor, shall issue a letter of transfer to the church designated. A member wishing to join a body not in

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fellowship with the United Church of Christ may be issued a certificate of church membership in lieu of a letter.

iii. Changes in Membership. Any member, whether active or inactive, may remove themselves from membership by written request.

When a member is designated as inactive, that person’s name shall be referred to the Pastor and the Membership and Parish Care Ministry for follow-up. The Pastor and the ministry will make an effort to determine the reasons for the inactivity and encourage the person to resume their participation.

If another year passes and the inactive member has not resumed participation, a letter (paper or electronic) may be sent asking the person whether they wish to continue being a member. If there is no response after a period of one month, a second letter shall be
sent. If there is still no response after another month, or if accurate contact information is no longer available, the person is eligible to be removed from membership. Such removal is effective upon the approval of the Church Council.

b. Friends of the Church. Persons who are not members of the church but who choose to participate in the life of the church shall be considered “friends of the church.” and have all privileges of members of the church, including participating in ministry and congregational meeting discussions, but they may not consent or vote during those meetings, nor may they hold office in the church.

SECTION 2. ELECTED OFFICERS: DUTIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE

a. Election of Officers, Trustees, and Other Ministries. The Co-Moderators, Secretary, Treasurer, Alternate Delegates and Church Council Members(s)-at-Large each shall be elected at the annual congregational meeting for a term of one year, and may serve for no more than two consecutive terms in the same office. Thereafter they may not be elected again to the same office until a full one-year term has elapsed.

Three trustees shall be elected from the membership for a term of five years at the annual congregational meeting and may not be re-elected to the same office until a full five-year tem has elapsed.

The Pastoral Relations Ministry shall consist of three members. They shall be elected from the membership for a term of three years at an annual congregational meeting and may not be re-elected to the same office until a full three-year term has elapsed. The

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members of the Pastoral Relations Ministry shall have staggered terms so that only one member shall finish their three-year term at a time.

The Personnel Ministry shall consist of three members. They shall be elected from the membership for a term of three years at an annual congregational meeting and may not be re-elected to the same office until a full three-year term has elapsed. The members of the Personnel Ministry shall have staggered terms so that only one member shall finish their three-year term at a time.

When needed, members of a Pastor Search Committee shall be elected for a term sufficient to complete the search for a Pastor, not to exceed two years. They may be elected at any congregational meeting, regular or special.

b. Co-Moderators. The co-moderators shall preside at all congregational meetings and meetings of the Church Council. In the event of the co-moderators’ absence, a moderator pro tempore shall be elected for that meeting. When co-moderators have been elected, in the absence of one of them, the other shall have full power to perform all the duties of the moderator as stated in this section.

c. Secretary. The secretary shall record all meetings of the congregation and the Church Council. They shall deliver approved minutes of Council and Congregational meetings to the Church Administrator for archival filing and shall have the responsibility to conduct correspondence on behalf of the Church Council as requested.

d. Treasurer. The treasurer shall disburse the funds of the church as authorized by the congregational budget or by the Church Council acting between congregational meetings. The Treasurer shall serve as a member of the Council and the Ministry for Stewardship and Finance.

e. Trustees. In accordance with the provisions of Title 57 of the Code of Virginia, the trustees shall serve as the legal surrogates of the church for the purpose of holding property on behalf of the church. Their names shall be filed with the Clerk of the Circuit Court, Charlottesville, Virginia. In this capacity, and only when acting at the direction of the Church Council or pursuant to a consensus decision by the congregation, they may sue or be sued, acquire by purchase, gift, devise, bequest, or otherwise, and receive, own, hold manage, invest, reinvest, transfer or dispose of property, both real and personal, or rent, lease, mortgage, or otherwise encumber, sell, assign and convey such property for the general purposes of the church. However, the trustees shall not buy, sell, mortgage, lease, transfer, or in any other way encumber real property that they hold on behalf of the Church except when and as authorized by the congregation by consensus, in accordance with Section 6.e. of these Bylaws and by a recorded vote by written ballot of a two thirds majority of the members present and voting, consistent with Section 6.e. of these Bylaws.

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f. Delegates to Association and Conference. The Pastor(s) and the co-moderators shall be ex officio the church’s delegates to meetings of the Shenandoah Association and Central Atlantic Conference. The congregation, at its annual meeting, shall elect such additional delegates and alternates as needed to make up the total number of delegates allowed to the church by the rules of the association and conference.

g. Vacancies. Should a vacancy occur in any of the offices listed in this section between annual congregational meetings, the Church Council shall appoint a successor for the unexpired term.

SECTION 3. THE PASTOR(S)

a. Qualifications, Duties and Terms of Office. The Pastor(s) shall be (an) ordained minister(s) eligible to obtain full standing in the Shenandoah Association, Central Atlantic Conference, of the United Church of Christ. The congregation, acting through the Church Council, calls the Pastor(s) to be responsible in partnership with them for the spiritual welfare of the church: to preach the gospel, administer the sacraments, and conduct or oversee all services of congregational worship; to supervise the pastoral affairs of Phe church, serving as teacher(s) of the congregation and pastoral counselor(s) to individuals and families who seek such help; and to serve as ex officio member(s) of the Church Council and ministries.

The church, from time to time, may choose to employ its pastor(s) on a part-time basis. In this case, pastoral responsibilities may be shared among multiple people, be they ordained or lay, employees or volunteers. The Pastor(s), with input from relevant ministries and other affected parties, will coordinate pastoral responsibilities to ensure the roles identified in the preceding paragraph are fulfilled. Council will review this allocation of responsibilities on an ongoing basis and share it with the congregation at its annual meeting.

The Pastor is responsible for supervising the duties of the Church Administrator and coordinating the activities of all church employees. The Pastor, sitting ex-officio on the Personnel Ministry, will provide input to that ministry on the performance of staff. If there is more than one Pastor, the Personnel Ministry will designate which will have this supervisory and coordinating responsibility.

b. The Call. The Pastor(s) shall be elected for an indefinite term of service, unless a limited term of service is agreed upon at the time the call is made. Their election shall be by a 90-percent affirmative vote of church members present and voting at a

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congregational meeting called for that purpose. The terms and conditions of the call shall be stated in writing. Annually, the Personnel Ministry will review the terms and conditions of the call with the Pastor(s) and provide performance feedback.

c. Vacancy. Termination of a pastoral call may occur at the request of either the Pastor(s) or the congregation, provided that sixty days’ notice shall be given by one party to the other. When a vacancy in the office of Pastor occurs, the Church Council shall appoint a Nominating Committee to identify candidates for the Pastor Search Committee. These candidates shall be submitted to a meeting of the Congregation for approval. When selecting a Pastor Search Committee , the Church Council shall follow the procedures outlined in Section 4 b. of these Bylaws for nominations and notice, with the provision that the voting may take place at any congregational meeting.

The Pastor Search Committee shall seek the counsel and guidance of the appropriate Central Atlantic Conference minister and other offices within the United Church of Christ maintaining personnel records, and conduct interviews with interested applicants. Following this effort, the Pastor Search Committee shall nominate a candidate for presentation to the congregation at a duly called meeting. If the congregation is filling more than one position simultaneously, then the committee will present one candidate for each position.

SECTION 4. CHURCH COUNCIL

a. Membership. The Church Council shall be composed of the moderator/co- moderators, secretary, treasurer, one member-at-large for every 100 members of the church, and the chairpersons of the standing ministries.

b. Organization and Functions. The Church Council shall facilitate and coordinate all activities carried on in and by the church, and shall share with the Pastor(s) and the congregation responsibility for the spiritual life of the church.

The Council shall meet at regular times throughout the year, and shall be chaired by the moderator/co-moderators. In their absence, a moderator pro tempore shall be elected to conduct the meeting. One-half of the members of the Council shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of its business.

At least 60 days prior to the annual meeting of the congregation, the Church Council shall appoint a Nominating Committee, consisting of no fewer than three members, to consider and recommend nominations for the positions of officers, members- at-large of the Church Council, Trustees, and members of the Pastoral Relations and Personnel Ministries, and Alternate Delegates whose terms will expire at the annual meeting. The nominations shall be announced to the congregation at least 14 days prior to

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the annual meeting at which elections take place. With the permission of the nominee, any church member may make a nomination from the floor prior to the voting. Voting shall be by the decision-making process set forth in Section 6.e. of these Bylaws.

c. Ministries. The Council shall establish ministries to carry out the policies, commitments and mission of the church. These ministries shall include, but not be limited to, the following: Worship, Pastoral Relations, Membership and Parish Care, Faith Formation, Justice and Advocacy, Service and Missions, Stewardship and Finance, Personnel, Property, and, when needed, a Pastor Search Committee.

Members of the Pastoral Relations Ministry, Personnel Ministry, and Pastor Search Committee shall be members of the congregation and be elected by the congregation. All other ministries shall be constituted of members and friends.

The role of the Pastoral Relations Ministry shall be to provide emotional and spiritual support to the Pastor(s), to guide and encourage the Pastor(s) in matters of professional development, and to facilitate dialogue between the Pastor(s) and the members and friends of the congregation in matters pertaining to the health and welfare of the church community.

The role of the Personnel Ministry shall be: (1) to hire all church employees other than called Pastors; (2) to establish goals for, review the performance of, and oversee the compensation, benefits (if offered), and work conditions of all church employees; (3) to act as the primary contact for employees regarding regular check-ins. This ministry will maintain full position descriptions for each position. In doing this work, the ministry shall seek input from relevant church program leaders, the Pastor(s) and the Church Administrator. In addition, the Personnel Ministry shall create and maintain personnel policies and procedures in accordance with applicable federal and Commonwealth of Virginia laws.

Each ministry shall elect a chairperson who shall serve as a member of the church council. The chair shall be a member of the church and shall be elected from among the ministry members for a term of one year, may serve for no more than two consecutive terms in the same office, and may not be elected again to the same chairpersonship until a full one-year term has elapsed. Elections shall take place to the extent possible so that chairpersons may be recognized at the yearly meeting at which officers are elected and recognized.

Meetings of all standing ministries shall be open to all members and friends of the church, with the exception of all meetings of the Pastoral Relations Ministry and Pastor Search committees, which shall be closed, and selected meetings of the Personnel Ministry, as determined by the ministry. The ministries holding closed meetings may invite other members and friends of the congregation to consult with them as needed.

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Each ministry shall be responsible for a report of its activities to be included in the church’s Annual Report.

SECTION 5. FINANCE

a. Separation of Duties: Various financial responsibilities shall be divided among different people, to enhance the financial safeguards of the church. A separation will be maintained between the funds collection and funds disbursement functions. The Financial Secretary is responsible for tracking all pledge commitments and collections, and is the only person in the church permitted to know individual pledge information. Due to the confidential nature of this role, there is no term limit to this position and the Financial Secretary must be a member of the Church. The Collector prepares and records deposits of cash and checks received by the church. The Treasurer, an elected officer of the church, makes all disbursements as authorized by the budget and requested by ministry chairs, as described below, including payroll activities, and manages the funds position of the church, including any investments. The Accountant obtains reports from these persons and reconciles them with each other and with bank statements, posts the church financial records and generates monthly financial statements for Council and quarterly reports for the full congregation.

b. Budget Preparation. The Stewardship and Finance ministry shall prepare the annual budget on the basis of proposals of the several ministries and the results of the annual stewardship campaign. The budget shall appropriate specified funds for the activities in each ministry’s area of responsibility as one or more line items. Church Council shall review and make any needed changes to the budget before it is presented to the congregation for adoption by consensus at the annual meeting, consistent with Section 6.e. of these Bylaws.

c. Council’s Authority to Reallocate Funds. After adoption of the budget, the Church Council may reallocate budgeted funds between appropriations assigned to different ministries following consultation with the ministries affected.

d. Ministries’ Authority to Spend and Reallocate. Ministries shall be responsible for the expenditure of funds from budget line items covering their assigned activities. To make an expenditure, the ministry chair shall authorize the Treasurer in writing to make the appropriate disbursement. Ministries shall be authorized to reallocate funds between line items within their total budget appropriation. They shall inform the Treasurer of such action.

e. Disbursements; Dispute Resolution. Before making any disbursement, the Treasurer shall determine that the request is covered by the ministry’s specified line item

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and that the required funds are available under that line item. The treasurer shall not disburse funds in excess of any ministry’s total appropriation, unless approved in advance by Council. The Church Council shall resolve all disputes with regard to the appropriateness of disbursements.

SECTION 6. MEETINGS

a. Meetings for Worship. Regular meetings for worship shall be held on Sundays and at such other times as deemed appropriate by the Pastor(s) in consultation with the Church Council.

b. Notification of Yearly Congregational Meetings. Consistent with Article IX, Section 1 of the Constitution, the Church Council shall schedule and the congregation shall hold at least two yearly congregational meetings. The congregation shall be notified of the time and place of the two stated congregational meetings at least thirty days in advance. Unless otherwise provided in these Bylaws, all officers, other members of the Church Council, trustees, and elected ministry chairs shall assume the duties of their positions at the close of the meeting at which they are elected and shall serve until their successors are elected. Notice of meetings shall be calculated to reach all active members of the church, and may include notice during services, e-mail notice, telephone, and/or written notice.

c. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the congregation shall be called when requested by the Pastor(s), the moderator/co-moderators, any three officers or members of the Church Council, or any ten members of the congregation. The time and place of the meeting, and the nature of the business to be transacted shall be announced at a regular Sunday service at least fourteen days prior to the date of the meeting, and also in writing to all members of the church.

d. Quorum & Participation. A quorum shall consist of no fewer than ten active members or 25% of the active membership 12 years of age and older, whichever is larger. In the absence of a quorum the meeting shall be suspended until reconvened on another date. All active members 12 years of age and older may participate in the decision-making process at any meeting of the congregation.

e. Consensus. In accordance with our commitment to encourage the expression of personal truth and diversity and to hear and affirm each voice, we will strive to listen receptively to one another and to make decisions by consensus. Consensus decision- making will be used at all meetings of the congregation and Church Council . If any of these governing groups cannot reach consensus within three consecutive meetings, the

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decision shall be resolved by voting. When a vote is necessary, if it involves an amendment to the Constitution, a two-thirds majority vote is required for approval. In all other cases, a simple majority vote is required.

SECTION 7. AUXILIARY ORGANIZATIONS

Any organizations established under the auspices of the church shall be regarded as subsidiary to the church and shall be under the general oversight of the Church Council, to which they shall make annual reports of their activities.

SECTION 8. POLICIES

The church has adopted policies to provide specific guidance on issues. Any new policies, or amendments to existing policies, will become effective after being approved at a congregational meeting. These policies will be considered part of the governance of the church, complementary to the Constitution and these Bylaws, and made available to the congregation in the same manner as the Constitution and Bylaws. In addition to these church policies, ministries may adopt practices and procedures appropriate to their ministries; these do not require congregational meeting approval.

SECTION 9. AMENDMENTS

The Council, the Pastor(s), or any group of ten or more members may propose amendments to these Bylaws at any yearly congregational meeting or special meeting, provided that the proposed amendment shall be included in the notice of the meetings. The congregation shall approve amendments consistent with the consensus procedures of Section 6.e. of these Bylaws.